People’s Daily government procurement scale exceeded 2 trillion years to special-22eee.net

People’s Daily: government procurement scale exceeded 2 trillion years refused to "announce the special" before the date of the Ministry of finance data show that in 2015 the national government procurement scale exceeded 2 trillion yuan, an increase of 21.8%, accounting for the proportion of fiscal expenditure reached 12%. Expanding the scale of government procurement, the money spent on what? What is the process of purchasing, can it be inexpensive, open and fair? The reporter interviewed the relevant departments and experts. Last year, the purchase of services increased by 72.9%, involving the pension, training and other young people out of work in the village, leaving most of the elderly, a few acres of land or some difficulties. "This year, rice is easy to do, pest control, these things help the government to solve."." Qiu Zhimin, a farmer in Shehong, Sichuan Province, said. The government purchase of plant pest control service in Shehong County, the farmers only need to pay the cost of materials, the company will provide door-to-door service of agricultural field, the two generation of stem borer, rice blast, rice false smut of anti rule. This year, the county’s 11 townships, 44 villages, a total of more than 22000 acres of rice, through government procurement of services to achieve a unified rule of control, while reducing the burden on farmers, agricultural production safety level has also improved. A positive change in government procurement is a substantial increase in service purchases, with an increase of 72.9% in 2015." The Ministry of Finance in charge of the implementation of government procurement scope continues to expand, in addition to the government’s own administrative office expenses, but also covers the expenditure of some public welfare, people’s livelihood, as provided for the community "Empty Nester" life care for migrant workers to provide technical training etc.. From the local situation, the government purchase services highlight public and public welfare, involving education, employment, social security, medical and health care, cultural sports and disabled services, and many other areas of people’s livelihood. From the perspective of the structure of government procurement, the procurement of goods and engineering is still the big head, while the service category accounts for only 15.9% of the total scale of the national government procurement, and there is still considerable room for expansion." Bai Jingming, vice president of China Academy of finance science, believes that the government needs to innovate the supply mode and build a multi-level and diversified supply system of public services in the face of the growing demand for public services. It is beneficial to play the role of market mechanism, speed up the development of service industry and improve the level of public service by providing the public services provided by the government directly to the social forces and paying the fees to the public. Agreement supply products must be bought in the market, the price is comparable, plugging loopholes, luxury luxury, many people care about: like government administrative office supplies, the government procurement price is how to set, can save financial funds? For the office supplies, the main way of government procurement is bulk centralized procurement and a small amount of agreement procurement. Large quantities of centralized procurement, suppliers can be small profits and quick turnover, so the government procurement easily "bargain", usually lower than the market price of about 10%. And the supply of agreement procurement is small, especially in the past there are some "customized" and "exclusive" products, the market does not have the same model, it is easy to avoid the comparison with the market price, resulting in higher purchasing prices. In view of this problem,.

人民日报:政府采购年规模突破2万亿 拒绝“特供”财政部日前公布的数据显示,2015年全国政府采购规模首次突破2万亿元,同比增长21.8%,占全国财政支出的比重达到12%。政府采购规模不断扩大,钱都花在了哪些地方?采购的过程是怎样的,能否做到物美价廉、公开公正?记者就此采访了有关部门和专家。去年服务类采购增长72.9%,涉及养老、培训等村里青壮年外出务工,留下的大都是老年人,种几亩地还是有些吃力。“今年种水稻轻松多了,病虫害防治这些事政府帮忙解决了。”四川省射洪县曹碑镇农民邱治民说。射洪县实施政府购买植保病虫害防治服务,农户只需要支付材料费,农技公司就会上门提供田间服务,对二代螟虫、稻瘟病、稻曲病进行统防统治。今年,全县11个乡镇44个村共22000多亩水稻,通过政府购买服务实现了统防统治,在减轻农户负担的同时,农业安全生产水平也提高了。“政府采购的一个积极变化,是服务类采购出现大幅增长,2015年同比增长72.9%。” 财政部有关负责人介绍,当前政府采购实施范围不断扩大,除了政府自身的行政办公支出,还涵盖了一些公益性强、关系民生的支出项目,像为社区的“空巢老人”提供生活照料,为农民工提供技术培训等。从各地情况看,政府购买服务突出公共性和公益性,范围涉及教育、就业、社保、医疗卫生、文化体育及残疾人服务等很多民生领域。“从政府采购的结构来看,货物类、工程类采购仍是大头,而服务类只占全国政府采购总规模的15.9%,还有相当大的拓展空间。”中国财政科学研究院副院长白景明认为,面对人民群众日益增长的公共服务需求,政府需要创新供给模式,构建多层次、多元化的公共服务供给体系。把政府直接向社会公众提供的一部分公共服务事项,交由具备条件的社会力量承担并向其支付费用,有利于发挥市场机制作用,加快服务业发展,提高公共服务水平。协议供货产品须市场可买、价格可比,堵漏洞禁豪奢很多人关心:像政府行政办公之类的用品,政府采购价格是怎么定的,能不能节约财政资金?财政部有关负责人介绍,对于办公用品,政府采购的主要方式为大批量集中采购和少量的协议采购。批量集中采购数量大,对供应商来说可以薄利多销,所以政府采购容易“砍价”,通常会比市场价格低10%左右。而协议供货采购量较小,特别是过去还存在一些“定制”和“专供”产品,市场上没有同样的型号,容易借此回避与市场价格的比较,导致采购价格虚高。针对这一问题,财政部进一步规范协议供货制度,要求协议供货产品的型号、配置及所含售后服务,必须是市场可买、价格可比、耗材通用,进一步杜绝所谓的“特供”产品。 “实际上,很多产品根本不需要定制,市场上买的就能够满足行政办公功能。”白景明表示,行政办公设备配置标准不健全,就会出现采购高档和高配置产品的现象。这两年,“天价采购”“豪华采购”现象明显减少,主要得益于制度的笼子越扎越牢。比如,台式电脑是常用的办公设备,它的协议采购价格如何确定?从中直机关采购中心协议供货交易系统看,主要采取了“优惠率”加“基准价格”的方式。系统将台式电脑分为4个价格区间,0—4000元、4000—6000元、6000—8000元和8000元以上。每台电脑的基准价格,不得高于同期生产制造厂商或最高级别代理商在网上电子商城展示的销售价格;优惠率投标供应商可以按照价格区间分别填报。采购人可以在不高于基准价格的前提下与投标供应商洽谈,再加上相应的优惠率,协议采购价格就确定了。一般来说,这个价格会低于市场价格,但商家在特定时期的打折促销大甩卖除外。那么,台式电脑按价格分四档,是否采购单位想买哪档就买哪档?这个显然也不行,因为还有中央行政单位通用办公设备家具配置标准“卡”着:台式电脑价格上限5000元,最低使用年限为6年。也就是说,采购单位在没有特殊用途的情况下,不得配置高端设备。“目前,中央行政单位在通用办公设备、家具配置上,购买价格和数量都有严格规定,包括不得配置豪华家具,不得使用名贵木材等。这些规定与预算费用标准相统一,就形成了政府采购的多维度标准体系。”白景明表示,制度约束力不断增强,对于政府采购堵漏洞、禁豪奢,进一步压缩奢侈浪费空间至关重要。采购链透明,有违法失信行为记录不得参与采购也有人担心,政府采购程序虽然公开透明,但私底下采购人会不会与供应商共谋“串标”,导致不公平竞争和滋生腐败?“诚实信用是政府采购的基本原则之一。在政府采购活动中对相关主体进行失信约束,对于打造全透明采购链,防止暗箱操作和不公平竞争具有重要意义。”财政部有关负责人表示,财政部日前发布通知,对列入违法失信行为记录名单的供应商,不得参与政府采购活动;完善评审专家问责机制,对具有行贿、受贿、欺诈等不良信用记录的人员,不得聘用为评审专家,已聘用的应当及时解聘。政府采购质疑,既是供应商维护自身合法权益的方式,也是对政府采购中违法违规行为的监督。近日,深圳市龙岗区政府采购中心在一次康复设备公开招标项目中,接到了未中标供应商的质疑:中标供应商所投多功能牵引床未如实陈述产品功能,涉嫌提供虚假材料谋取中标。经多方查证,中标公司确实存在篡改产品型号、规格的行为。采购中心及时向财政部门反映,最终该中标公司被处以一年内禁止参加深圳市政府采购活动、记入诚信档案等处罚。政府采购法实施条例明确规定,为谋求特定供应商中标、成交,供应商与采购人之间的恶意串通行为,将依法追究法律责任。《党政机关厉行节约反对浪费条例》规定,党政机关采购货物、工程和服务,应当遵循公开透明、公平竞争、诚实信用原则。严格执行政府采购程序,不得违反规定以任何方式和理由指定或者变相指定品牌、型号、产地。“这些规定都是明明白白、板上钉钉的,如果还有人铤而走险、牟取私利,必将受到党纪国法的制裁。”白景明说。更多精彩内容欢迎搜索关注微信公众号:腾讯财经(financeapp)。相关的主题文章: